I tend to think of the Tuileries as one of Catherine de Medici’s projects. Like the Hotel de Soissons, it’s a Parisian home that I associate with her widowhood. But the Tuileries first became a royal residence decades later, during the reign of her father in law, Francis I. Francis bought it for his mother in 1518, as a Parisian residence for his mother.
Back in the Middle Ages, the site featured a tile (tuile) factory, and the name stuck over the centuries. It took Catherine five years to complete the purchase, and as she traveled across France with the newly ascended Charles IX, she kept updated on the details of the transaction. Marie-Catherine de Pierrevive,l dame du Perron, supervised the construction, bluntly keeping her appraised of what was going on. One of her most frequent complaints was the lack of money going towards the new purchase.
Years later, Catherine de Bourbon, the only sister of Henry IV and known as Madame, would take up residence at the Tuileries. Granted the freedom to worship as a Protestant at court, she used it as her Parisian residence.
During Napoleon’s reign, he set up his imperial court at the Tuilleries, reserving the Louvre for his extensive art collection. The chateau continued to stand until the Paris Commune when the was purposeful set ablaze. Now the only part of the Tuileries that remains in Paris is the garden.